Nitrous Oxide Abuse Side Effects

Misuse or inappropriate use of nitrous oxide (N2O) has been proved to result in potentially severe adverse side effects. Nitrous oxide is a gas that was specifically manufactured for use in auto racing and in the food industry. It is used as an engine booster in vehicles. This gas can also be used in food industries where it is used as a preservative, because it has the ability to control bacteria growth, along with a sweet scent that will not contaminate foods.

The administration of this gas can lead to hypoxia a pathological condition in which oxygen in the body falls below the level needed to sustain life. This normally occurs because the administration of this drug limits the amount of oxygen in the body, and this is something that begins to occur immediately this drug is introduced into the body. Nitrous oxide diffuses very quickly with the air in the body, resulting in a temporary increase in pressure in the body cavities. The magnitude of this pressure can hinder blood supply to various body cells and organs.

Nitrous Oxide Abuse Side Effects

Abusers of Nitrous Oxide risk premature death. This is a very dangerous inhalant. It is administered into the body through the lungs. Once in the body, it combines with the blood and travels very quickly to the brain. Once it reaches the brain, it can hinder many body functions like breathing and heart rate, potentially leading to death. Another way through which it can lead to death is by cutting oxygen intake. This is especially a risk when Nitrous Oxide is taken in large doses within a short period of time.

Over time, nitrous oxide abuse can lead to a deficiency of vitamin B12. This is a vitamin that contains essential enzymes like methionine synthetase which is crucial for normal DNA production. This may lead to malfunctioning of immune, neurological and reproductive systems. These are adverse effects that can be experienced after acute and long term exposure to this gas. This gas is not recommended for patients who have bowel obstruction, pneumothorax, and sinus disease.

The use of nitrous oxide by pregnant women is not recommended, because it has been proved to have damaging effects on the developing fetus. In some cases, the use of this drug can lead to spontaneous abortion. It affects DNA production, hence can lead to undesirable effects on a growing fetus. N2O affects white blood cell production and function and for this reason it is not safe for human use as a recreational drug.

It has also been proved that the use of nitrous oxide can disrupt the process of learning. Research shows that this drug can worsen reaction time. It can lead to sedation that is accompanied by depression. This is what leads to lack of concentration.

People who use nitrous oxide as a recreational drug have experienced other side effects like nausea and vomiting. This gas is known to obstruct the clearing of airways, making it difficult to vomit. Abusers experiencing these side effects risk choking to death.